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Research and Consulting Projects

Electromobility and infrastructure: An economic analysis of organizational models, infrastructure regulation and financing strategies

  • Outline: Since electromobility constitutes a complex good consisting of several interrelated value chains there are specific challenges for the identification and analysis of efficient organizational models. The research project focuses on the derivation of a conceptual framework and an analytic approach in order to evaluate different instruments for the provision and funding of the necessary infrastructure within the area of electromobility. Building on that, recommendations for public authorities shall be developed in consideration of an uncertain technological environment and different user scenarios. Those shall contribute to an efficient deployment of such infrastructure that is required for electromobility.
  • Sponsor: Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS)
  • Partner: Law firm Becker Büttner Held
  • Term: 12/2010-10/2011

Determination of life-cycle costs and comparison of public procurement methods for structural engineering projects

  • Outline: According to the German federal and local budget regulations, the choice of a specific procurement approach for structural engineering projects needs to be justified by a value-for-money assessment. There are indications – in Germany as well as internationally – that these assessments are often subject to significant methodological shortcomings as well as a lack of know-how and/or incentive problems, especially when evaluating the public private partnership (PPP) approach. This project analyzes how the structure and institutional framework of value-for-money assessments can be improved by applying insights from institutional economics. The main focus of the project will be on value-for-money assessments which compare PPP procurement to the conventional procurement.
  • Sponsor: Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS)
  • Partners: IPS – Institut für Projektmethodik und Systemdienstleistungen, KVL Bauconsult GmbH
  • Term: 11/2010-04/2012

Organizational Models for the Provision and Funding of Federal Trunk Roads in Germany: An Economic and Judicial Analysis

  • Outline: This project examines different organizational solutions for the provision and funding of the German federal trunk road network from an economic and judicial point of view. A special focus lies on the analysis of multi-annual contracts within the public sector and other forms of multi-annual political commitments for the funding of road infrastructure.
  • Client: ADAC
  • Partner: Prof. Dr. Jürgen Kühling LL.M. (University of Regensburg, Department of Public Law, Real Estate Law, Infrastructure Law, and Information Law)
  • Term: 03/2010-06/2010

Models for Financing the Collection and Recycling of Packaging Waste and Other Recyclable Waste Fractions

  • Outline: The project develops and analyzes organizational and financing models for the integration of further recyclable waste fractions (non-packaging plastics, small electric devices etc.) into the existing recycling system for packaging waste ("Yellow Bin").
  • Client: Federal Environment Agency (UBA)
  • Partners: IGES Institute GmbH, Cyclos GmbH
  • Term: 08/2010-12/2010

Efficient Incentives and Coordination Clauses in Contracts for Public Structural Engineering Projects

  • Outline: The purpose of this research project is to analyze if, given the boundaries of public procurement law, it is reasonable to increase the usage of more flexible civil engineering contracts in the public sector, gathering a greater part of the value chain of a constructing project into the hands of one single contractor. The analysis of the contract design will be done as a comparison between the private and public sector. The objective is to illuminate the interdependency between the different institutional economic boundaries of public and private institutions and their importance for the design of civil engineering contracts
  • Sponsor: Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS)
  • Partners: HFK Heiermann Franke Knipp Attorneys at Law, KVL Bauconsult GmbH
  • Term: 08/2010-07/2013

Risk Management in Logistics and Transport Infrastructure Networks

  • Outline: In this project risk management strategies to protect transport infrastructure networks and supply chains against potential disasters (e.g. natural catastrophes) are analyzed from an entrepreneurial and a welfare economic perspective. Therefore, existing risk management strategies are evaluated, the effects of existing and alternative risk management strategies are determined, the implementation of alternative risk management strategies is analyzed, and recommendations for the different actors of the supply chain are given.
  • Sponsor: Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
  • Partners: Institute for Economic Policy and Economic Research (IWW) at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Dr. Gernot Liedke), 4flow AG, Kuehne & Nagel AG & Co. KG, Hamburg Port Consulting, Prof. Dr. Georg Hermes (Professor for Public Law at the University of Frankfurt/M.), Prof. Dr. Dr. Giacomo Corneo (Professor for Public Finance at FU Berlin), Prof. Dr. Christian Butz (Professor for Logistics at Beuth Hochschule für Technik Berlin)
  • Term: 08/2010-07/2013

Analysis of Publicly Available Benchmarking Reports (Drinking Water)

  • Outline: This short study analyzes publicly available reports related to benchmarking projects of drinking water supply in various federal states with respect to their comparability. The focus is to identify key data which were collected in the existing benchmarking projects in order to allow a comprehensive comparison. Furthermore, recommendations for a federal comprehensive benchmarking project are made.
  • Client: German Energy and Water Association (BDEW)
  • Partner: IGES Institute GmbH
  • Term:02/2010-05/2010

Economic Analysis of Policy Instruments to Promote Energy Efficiency in the Residential Buildings Sector

  • Outline: In support of the Longlife Project (Sustainable, Energy-Efficient and Resource Saving, Residential Buildings in Consideration of Unified Procedures and New and Adapted Technologies), an economic study is conducted that analyzes the prospects for establishing greater energy efficiency and sustainability within the buildings sectors of several countries in the Baltic Sea region. The purpose of this study is to identify potential causes for the existence of an energy efficiency gap in the residential buildings sector, and to assess possible policy responses to address and narrow the gap.
  • Sponsor: European Commission / Baltic Sea Region Programme; TU Berlin-WIP conducted the study as sub-contractor of the Department for Design and Structure at TU Berlin.
  • Partners: Department for Design and Structure at TU Berlin, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Gdansk University of Technology, St. Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering as well as industry partners from Germany, Denmark, Lithuania, Poland, and Russia.
  • Term: 06/2010-11/2010

Potential of the Public-Private Partnership Approach to Fund Swiss Railway Infrastructure Projects

  • Outline: This project identifies general benefits and obstacles to the application of the PPP approach in the railway sector. On this basis, the potential of the PPP approach to fund railway infrastructure in Switzerland is investigated.
  • Client: Swiss Federal Office of Transport (FOT)
  • Partners: IGES Institute GmbH, Ecoplan
  • Term: 07/2009-12/2009

Regulation of German Airports

  • Outline: This project analyzes a number of options to improve revenue regulation of German airports. Taking into account (several) airports’ market power, the study discusses the potential of different regulatory options.
  • Client: German Airline Association (BDF)
  • Partner: Prof. Dr. Jürgen Kühling (University of Regensburg, Department of Public and Real Estate Law)
  • Term: 04/2009-08/2009

Analysis of the Methodology of Traffic Forecasts within the German Federal Transport Plan

  • Outline: This project analyzes the methodology of traffic forecasts within the German federal transport plan. Additionally, it investigates how traffic prognosis is actually organized, with task sharing between the public authority (i.e. the BMVBS) and (private) contractors being the major focus.
  • Client: Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS)
  • Partners: Workgroup for Transport Systems Planning and Transport Telematics at TU Berlin, TCI Röhling, Avistra
  • Term: 04/2009-10/2009

Research Information System (FIS) on Transportation Economics (AWB 01)

  • Outline: This project reviews recent research on a number of transport policy issues.
  • Sponsor: Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS)
  • Partner: Institute for Economic Policy and Economic Research (IWW) at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Prof. Dr. Werner Rothengatter, Prof. Dr. Kay Mitusch, Dr. Gernot Liedke)
  • Term: 07/2009-06/2011

Safe and Intelligent Mobility – Test field Germany (SIM-TD): Economic analysis

  • Outline: This project develops and analyzes systems meant to promote the efficiency and safety of road traffic through C2X communication, i.e. communication between vehicles and telematic infrastructure. The work packages of the SIM-TD project, in which TU Berlin-WIP is participating, assess corporate strategies and political-economy options to support the market introduction of such systems, using tools/methods from organisational and industrial economics.
  • Partners: AUDI AG, BMW AG, Continental, Daimler AG, Deutsche Telekom AG, Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, Hessian Regional Authority for Federal Roads and Traffic, Robert Bosch GmbH, City of Frankfurt/Main, TU München, University of Würzburg, Volkswagen AG
  • Sponsors: Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi), Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS)
  • Term: 09/2008-08/2012

Analysis of Time Discounting and Risk Evaluation in Cost-Benefit-Analyses and Value-for-Money Assessments for Public Authorities

  • Outline: This project identifies appropriate approaches to time discounting and risk evaluation in benefit-cost analyses and value-for-money assessments within the public sector. A special focus is set on the use of these approaches for the assessment of transport infrastructure projects from a welfare economic perspective and public-private partnership projects focussing on cash flows.
  • Client: German Federal Court of Auditors (Bundesrechnungshof)
  • Partners: Prof. Dr. Dr. Giacomo Corneo (Professor for Public Finance at FU Berlin), Prof. Dr. Holger Mühlenkamp (Professor for Public Management at the German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer)
  • Term: 12/2008-06/2009

Economic and Ecologic Assessment of the Separate Collection and Recycling of Packaging Waste

  • Outline: The focus of this study is to assess, from both an economic and ecological perspective, the separate collection of lightweight packaging material in the so-called "dual systems", i.e. plastics, composites, and metals from private households and similar sources. A quantitative estimate of ecologic costs as well as an assessment of their environmental impact is made for all mass flows and collection regimes/systems included.
  • Partners: IGES Institute GmbH, Institute for Sanitary Engineering, Water Quality and Solid Waste Management at the University of Stuttgart
  • Sponsor: Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi)
  • Term: 09/2008-05/2009

Assessing the Costs of Capital for Railway Infrastructure Investments in Germany

  • Outline: In this study the cost of capital of pubic and private companies providing railway infrastructure in Germany is assessed. The focus lies on the analysis of the cost of capital of the state-owned railway infrastructure enterprises (subsidiaries of Deutsche Bahn AG).
  • Client: Federal Network Agency
  • Partners: Frontier Economics, IGES Institute GmbH
  • Term: 12/2008-04/2009

Multi-annual Contracts for Rail Infrastructure

  • Outline: This study analyzes the optimal design of a multi-annual financing agreement between the federal government of Germany and the state-owned railway infrastructure enterprises (subsidiaries of Deutsche Bahn AG). Special emphasis is put on the basic idea of such an agreement and how it relates to an incentive regulation of the German railway sector.
  • Partner: IGES Institute GmbH
  • Client: Hessian Ministry for Commerce, Transport and Development
  • Term: 07/2008-09/2008

Integrating the Transport Sector in an Efficient Energy and Climate Protection Strategy

  • Outline: The objective of this research project is to provide decision-makers with specific recommendations for the design of environmentally benign transport policies. The focus is on analysing several options to bring about effective and cost-efficient CO2 emission reductions in Germany and in Europe.
  • Partner: Chair of Energy Economics and Public Sector Management at TU Dresden
  • Sponsor: Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS)
  • Term: 05/2007-04/2009

Integrating a Strategic Environmental Assessment in the German Federal Transport Plan

  • Outline: The study analyzes how a strategic environmental assessment could be arranged and how it could be integrated into the federal transport plan in Germany.
  • Partners: Bosch & Partner, Institute for Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning at TU Berlin, Chambers Dr. Dammert & Steinforth, Planco Consulting
  • Client: Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS)
  • Term: 01/2008-06/2009

Organizational Models for the German Motorways

  • Outline: This research project examines different organizational solutions for the German federal motorway network. The aim is to identify the most appropriate organization models for the provision, funding and production of motorways under the existing medium-term restrictions as well as the most suitable long-term solution.
  • Partners: SEP Maerschalk, Law firm DLA Piper
  • Sponsors: Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi), Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
  • Term: 12/2004-01/2009

Renegotiation Design and Refinancings in Public-Private Partnerships

  • Outline: The project analyzes issues related to modifications made to performance and remuneration agreements in structural engineering PPPs. Furthermore, changes to project financing (“refinancings”) are analyzed. The optimal design of the contractual relationship between the public authority and the private operator is at the main focus of the project.
  • Partners: PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), Prof. Dr. Bernd Kochendörfer / Drees & Sommer, HFK Heiermann Franke Knipp Attorneys at Law
  • Sponsor: Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS)
  • Term: 10/2006-12/2008

Potential and Success Factors of Public-Private Partnerships

  • Outline: In this project the potentials and factors of success of PPP projects are identified based on a theoretical analysis. Furthermore, empirical evidence is taken into account.
  • Client: Initiative Finanzstandort Deutschland (IFD)
  • Term: 11/2007-05/2008

Rationality and Arrangement of Private Financing in Public-Private Partnerships

  • Outline: This study examines the effects of using private capital on cost efficiency in PPP projects, looking at private capital's safeguarding and incentivizing effects on public authorities in particular. We discuss different options to include private capital in PPP projects (e.g. project financing, company / contractor financing, non-recourse financing, securities; equity vs outside capital, internal vs external equity, credit vs loans).
  • Partner: IGES Institute GmbH
  • Client: Initiative Finanzstandort Deutschland (IFD)
  • Term: 11/2007-10/2008

Knowledge Management within the Public Sector Realizing Public-Private Partnerships

  • Outline: Considerable know-how is required to conduct PPP projects successfully, particularly on the public sector side. After determining public authorities' knowledge requirements recommendations for the organization of the preparation, awarding, and monitoring of PPP projects are derived.
  • Partner: IGES Institute GmbH
  • Client: Initiative Finanzstandort Deutschland (IFD)
  • Term: 11/2007-01/2009

Incentive Regulation for the German Railway Infrastructure

  • Outline: This project analyzes the design of incentive regulation for the railway infrastructure companies in Germany. It considers the regulation of the infrastructure subsidiaries of the state-owned Deutsche Bahn and of other railway infrastructure companies.
  • Partner: IGES Institute GmbH
  • Client: Federal Network Agency
  • Term: 09/2007–11/2007

Regional Effects of Investments in Road Transport Infrastructure

  • Outline: This study analyzes the effects of road transport infrastructure investments on regional development (economic growth, productivity, employment etc.). It presents a critical scrutiny of a number of theoretical concepts and empirical analyses on regional development effects.
  • Partner: IGES Institute GmbH
  • Client: Pro Mobilität - Initiative für Verkehrsinfrastruktur e.V.
  • Term: 03/2008-04/2008

Sustainable Road Transport Infrastructure Policy in Agglomerations

  • Outline: This study analyzes the effects of different policy instruments and their combinations, incorporating the three major objectives of an efficient policy strategy for the urban road transport sector: efficient capacity utilization, efficient environmental protection, and efficient financing. The issue of road pricing assumes a particular role since it may contribute significantly to achieving all three objectives.
  • Sponsor: German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing (BMVBW)
  • Term: 12/2004 – 05/2007

Privatization Options for Deutsche Bahn AG

  • Outline: The goal of the study is to analyze alternative organizational models for the German railway system. The positive and negative aspects of the current industry structure and of possible alternative structures are identified and measured. The effects of a separation of the infrastructure from operations and different privatization models are crucial.
  • Partners: Booz Allen Hamilton, Morgan Stanley, ProgTrans, BSL Management Consultants, Waldeck Rechtsanwälte
  • Clients: Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS), Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF)
  • Term: 04/2005-01/2006

Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) in Eastern Europe

  • Outline: The study analyzes the effects of PPPs in financing and supplying infrastructure in Eastern European countries, and the efficiency of different forms of project organization and institutional design. It includes case studies from the highway sectors in Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland.
  • Client: European Investment Bank (EIB)
  • Term: 08/2004-04/2005

PPP Models for Federal Trunk Roads – An Economic Analysis

  • Outline: This study analyzes the application of the PPP approach in the German motorway sector. It assesses the PPP models used in Germany (the A model, the F model, and the functional construction contract) in detail.
  • Client: Allgemeiner Deutscher Automobilclub e.V. (ADAC)
  • Term: 11/2004-04/2005

TELLUS: Road Pricing for Heavy Duty Vehicles in Berlin

  • Outline: The project develops a multifunctional road pricing scheme for heavy duty vehicles (HDV) in Berlin. To estimate the effects of urban tolling schemes, simulation runs with the traffic planning software VISUM are conducted. Scenarios, differing in their spatial coverage and toll amounts, are built and analyzed with regard to their effects on traffic levels and the environmental situation.
  • Partner: Berlin Senate Department of Urban Development
  • Sponsor: EU Commission
  • Term: 02/2002-01/2005

Transport Institutions in the Policy Process (TIPP)

  • Outline: This study examines the way in which the structure of the political decision making process (especially centralization vs. decentralization) can facilitate or impede the implementation of political objectives. Among other topics, the availability of reform and privatization models for the operational service of federal motorways currently organized by the federal states is analyzed.
  • Partners: Institute for Transport Studies (Leeds), Centrum voor Economische Studien (Leuven) et al.
  • Sponsor: EU Commission
  • Term: 11/2002-12/2004

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